Participant Info

First Name
Last Name
Mississippi State University
Nation Building, Legitimacy, Post-Conflict Reconstruction, Nationalism, Race, Gender, African Politics
Media Contact

Personal Info

About Me

My area of expertise is in nation building and post-conflict reconstruction, with a focus on gender and race.  Geographically, my research has focused on Southern Africa.

Most recently, I have been doing research on the #RhodesMustFall and Marikana protest actions in South Africa.

Recent Publications

Forthcoming. Holmes, Carolyn E. and Melanie Loehwing. “Icons of the Old Regime: Challenging South African Public Memory Strategies in ‪#‎RhodesMustFall” Journal of Southern African Studies.


Forthcoming. Rich, Timothy S. and Carolyn E. Holmes. “Winning is not Everything: Public Perceptions of Losers and Non-Voters in South Africa.” Acta Politica. Available:


Holmes, Carolyn E. 2015. “Marikana in Translation: Print Nationalism and Event Coverage in South Africa’s Multilingual Press.” African Affairs. 114(455): 271-294 Available:  


Shoup, Brian D. and Carolyn E. Holmes. 2014. “Recrafting the National Imaginary and the New ‘Vanguardism.’” Democratization. 21(5): 958-978. Available:


Holmes, Carolyn E. and Brian D. Shoup. 2013. “Framing the Democratic Narrative: Local and National Voting Patterns in South Africa.” Commonwealth and Comparative Politics 51(1): 56-75. Available:

Media Coverage
Country Focus
South Africa

Research Areas

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