Gender and Politics
Disarmament, Demobilization, Reintegration
Congo, Democratic Republic of the (Zaire)
Central African Republic
The International Financial Institutions didn't just play politics with resources in Africa during the Cold War, they continued a tradition of Western intervention based on the idea of bringing civilization or development to countries seen as inferior in some way. President Mobutu of Congo (Zaire) deftly manipulated Cold War animosities to his own benefit, in part through the IFIs. This chapter explores how classical IR's critiques of the IFIs in Congo are limited to the use of funds as a Cold War political tool - both for Western interests in fighting communism and Mobutu's interests in maintaining a neopatrimonial system. Underlying all of this, however, is a development discourse that is taken for granted in classical IR. That same discourse justifies Western intervention in the first place, and determines who has a claim to legitimate knowledge and who does not. In order to get at a real critique, IR should shed its colonial past and embrace its more critical strands.