Catherine Connolly, Ph.D. Candidate

Dublin City University

Country: Ireland

About Me:

I am a Teaching Fellow in International Security and a final year PhD candidate in the School of Law and Government at Dublin City University, Ireland. I hold an M.A. (with Distinction) in War Studies from King's College London, and a B.A. in International Relations with French from Dublin City University. I also spent a year of my B.A. at the Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris (Sciences Po). I am a co-founder of the popular blog Women Are Boring, which features articles written by women in research on topics related to their research area, aimed at a general audience. Prior to beginning my PhD, I worked as a policy analyst at the Embassy of Ireland in London, and as a project assistant at a Brussels-based security and defence think-tank.

Research Interests

International Law & Organization

Human Rights

Conflict Processes & War

American Presidency And Executive Politics

Specific Areas of Interest

International Law

International Humanitarian Law

Armed Conflict

Women In Academia

Human Rights

Armed Drones

Countries of Interest

United States



United Kingdom

My Research:

My current research focuses on the United States' targeted killing programme, its use of armed drones, and the resurrection of kriegsraison in international law. This research covers international humanitarian law, international human rights law, and U.S. politics and security policy. I am particularly interested in the law of armed conflict and in the language used to make particular weapons more palatable to the public. You can read more about my research in the Journal of Conflict and Security Law


Journal Articles:

(2017) 'Necessity Knows no Law: The Resurrection of Kriegsraison through the US Targeted Killing Programme', Journal of Conflict and Security Law

Tags: International Law & Organization, Human Rights, American Presidency And Executive Politics

The doctrine of Kriegsraison, and its argument that ‘necessity knows no law’, is generally considered to have been laid to rest with the creation of the 1949 Geneva Conventions. However, this article asserts that Kriegsraison is resurrected and wholly alive in the USAs’ targeted killing programme. The targeted killing programme, now in existence for more than 15 years, remains one of the most problematic aspects of US anti-terror policy and continues to raise numerous legal questions. The article argues that treatment of the various legal frameworks relevant to targeted killing by the USA is suffused with Kriegsraison to such an extent that necessity, in its varying iterations, has become the primary guiding principle for US uses of force, and assessments as to their legality. This argument is predicated on an examination of the USAs’ expansive interpretation of jus ad bellum principles, its a-la-carte approach in recognising the applicability of jus in bello rules, and the designation of regions in which it uses force as lying ‘outside the area of active hostilities’. Throughout this assessment, parallels are drawn between the conduct of the USA today and between that of WWI-era Germany, which was characterised by Kriegsraison’s pervasive influence. Finally, the article contends that the use of armed drones as the primary tool for carrying out the targeted killing programme must be scrutinised, as this is vital to understanding the practical implementation of the Kriegsraison doctrine.

(2016) Gender, the Media, and the Unbreakable Ivory Ceiling, The Institute for Future Media & Journalism

Tags: Gender and Politics

A short article on the gender imbalance in academia and media, for The Institute for Future Media & Journalism.

Media Appearances:


(2017) Marie Claire SA

A feature on Women Are Boring in Marie Claire magazine (South Africa edition)

(2017) Riposte Magazine

An interview with Riposte Magazine regarding the Women Are Boring blog, of which I am a co-founder.

(2016) The Irish Times

An interview with The Irish Times regarding the Women Are Boring blog, of which I am a co-founder.