I am a PhD candidate at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Berlin Graduate School of Social Sciences funded by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). I hold a master in International Development with a specialisation in Politics and Governance from the University of Manchester – Global Development Institute. I also completed a postgraduate certificate from the London School of Economics and Political Science while participating in the Hansard Research Scholar Programme. I obtained an undergraduate degree (bachelor and licenciatura) in Political Science and Government from the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Peru. My doctoral projects examines the effects of the judicialisation of grand-corruption in the Lava Jato era (Peru and Brazil) covering aspects related to public opinion, the ‘good governance’ agenda, political motivations and judicial reforms. My broader research agenda includes gender and politics, international development, party finance and electoral spending, and governance. I am fluent in English, Spanish, French, Italian and Portuguese, and also have a working knowledge of German
Latin American And Caribbean Politics
Comparative Political Institutions
Political Parties and Interest Groups
Gender And Politics
International Development Institutions
Through an analysis of gender policies, this article seeks to advance the study of women’s substantive representation. Traditional and non-traditional actors or agents shape policy outcomes, but it is important to observe the policy environment and political opportunities that are involved in reforms. Selected gender policies in the Peruvian context provide evidence of such dynamics. This article proposes a framework for analysing variations in gender policy outcomes in the Peruvian case by mapping factors of influence such as the presence of critical actors (e.g. National Congress, non-government organisations, government agencies), features of the policy environment (international legal standards and public opinion) and presidential support. The author argues that gender equality policies are influenced by the usual policy-making elements but also by the doctrines of the Catholic Church and, more recently, evangelical churches. The article also critically examines the instrumentality of unexpected allies as regards the discourse on women’s rights, and it sheds light on the role of church-state relations in framing the policy debate. As the literature suggests, an enabling environment and a confluence of agents are required to implement policy reforms. However, the effect of presidential support in regimes that hinder major policy reforms relating to women’s rights is much more important than theory has anticipated.