Jana Krause, Ph.D.

j.krause@uva.nl

University of Amsterdam

Address: University of Amsterdam

City: Amsterdam

Country: Netherlands

About Me:

I am Assistant Professor in Security and Conflict in the Department of Political Science at the University of Amsterdam. My research focuses on civilian agency in communal conflicts and civil wars; peacebuilding, civilian protection and social resilience; and gender and international security. I have conducted extensive field research on these issues in Indonesia and Nigeria, and more recently in Kenya, South Sudan, and Myanmar. My book, RESILIENT COMMUNITIES: Non-Violence and Civilian Agency in Communal War, was recently published with Cambridge University Press. My book focuses on civilian agency and mobilization ‘from below’ and explains violence and non-violence in communal wars. Drawing on extensive field research on ethno-religious conflicts in Ambon/Maluku Province in eastern Indonesia and Jos/Plateau State in central Nigeria, my book analyses how civilians responded to local conflict dynamics very differently, evading, supporting, or collectively resisting armed groups. My comparison of vulnerable mixed communities and (un)successful prevention efforts demonstrates how under courageous leadership resilient communities can emerge that adapt to changing conflict zones and collectively prevent killings.My most recent articleWomen’s Participation in Peace Negotiations and the Durability of Peace finds that women’s participation in peace negotiations with voice and influence leads to better peace accord content, higher implementation rates, and longer lasting peace.Previously, I was a Visiting Research Fellow with the Conflict, Security and Development Group (CSDRG)  in the Department of War Studies at King’s College London (2013-2016), funded by a fellowship for early career researchers from the Swiss National Science Foundation. I was also Lead Researcher and Co-Investigator of a research project on gender, conflict and peacebuilding at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva(2014-2016). I completed my PhD in International Relations/Political Science at the Graduate Institute in 2013. In 2011, I was a Pre-Doctoral Visiting Research Fellow at the Program on Order, Conflict and Violence (OCV) at Yale University.

Research Interests

Conflict Processes & War

Gender and Politics

Political Violence

Peacekeeping

Specific Areas of Interest

Civilian Protection

Local Peacebuilding

Social Resilience

Countries of Interest

Indonesia

Nigeria

South Sudan

Myanmar

Kenya

Publications:

Journal Articles:

(2018) Women’s Participation in Peace Negotiations and the Durability of Peace., International Interactions

Tags: Gender and Politics

There is an emerging consensus that women’s participation in peace negotiations contributes to the quality and durability of peace after civil war. However, to date, this proposition has remained empirically untested. Moreover, how women’s participation may contribute to durable peace has not been systematically explored. This article uses a mixed method design to examine this proposition. Our statistical analysis demonstrates a robust correlation between peace agreements signed by female delegates and durable peace. We further find that agreements signed by women show a significantly higher number of peace agreement provisions aimed at political reform, and higher implementation rates for provisions. We argue that linkages between women signatories and women civil society groups explain the observed positive impact of women’s direct participation in peace negotiations. Collaboration and knowledge building among diverse women groups contributes to better content of peace agreements and higher implementation rates of agreement provisions. We substantiate this argument with qualitative case study evidence and demonstrate how collaboration between female delegates and women civil society groups positively impacts peace processes. Our findings support the assumption that women’s participation in peace negotiations increases the durability and the quality of peace.

Books Written:

(2018) Resilient Communities: Non-Violence and Civilian Agency in Communal War, Cambridge University Press

Tags: Conflict Processes & War, Religion & Politics, Peacekeeping

In Resilient Communities, Jana Krause focuses on civilian agency and mobilization 'from below' and explains violence and non-violence in communal wars. Drawing on extensive field research on ethno-religious conflicts in Ambon/Maluku Province in eastern Indonesia and Jos/Plateau State in central Nigeria, this book shows how civilians responded to local conflict dynamics very differently, evading, supporting, or collectively resisting armed groups. Combining evidence collected from more than 200 interviews with residents, community leaders, and former fighters, local scholarly work (in Indonesian), and local newspaper-based event data analysis, this book explains civilian mobilization, militia formation, and conflict escalation. The book's comparison of vulnerable mixed communities and (un)successful prevention efforts demonstrates how under courageous leadership resilient communities can emerge that adapt to changing conflict zones and collectively prevent killings. By developing the concepts of communal war and social resilience, Krause extends our understanding of local violence, (non-)escalation, and implications for prevention.