Larissa Gomes, Ph.D. Candidate

larissapeixotogomes@gmail.com

Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte

Country: Brazil

Research Interests

Gender and Politics

Legislative Politics

Comparative Political Institutions

Countries of Interest

Brazil

United Kingdom

Sweden

My Research:

I'm a PhD candidate at the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (Federal University of Minas Gerais), in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Currently, I'm working on my thesis, focusing on the strategies used by female MPs and MPs who claim to represent women in order to pass legislation and survive the legislative house. This is a comparative research, studying Brazil, the United Kingdom, and Sweden, countries chosen based on their political, institutional, and cultural differences as well as the number of women in each parliament. I have also worked with public security at the Fundação João Pinheiro (João Pinheiro Foundation).The federal university system in Brazil offers public education from the undergraduate level to anyone who passes the entrance exams. It's one of our most important institutions and it's under attack from foreign and domestic companies looking to privatize education. Since the legislative coup of 2016, these companies have found allies in the executive. I do not recognize the current Brazilian government as legitimate.

Publications:

Journal Articles:

(2018) Gender Differences in Local Executives: Public Policy and Intergovernmental Transfers in a Brazilian state, Instituto Universitario de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Tags: Gender and Politics, State and Local Politics, Research Methods & Research Design

Abstract. Feminist theory has offered new institutionalism key contributions as to how gender relates to public policy. Feminist institutionalism has researched the many ways wel­fare policies have impacted women and the many ways women, as elected officials, have im­pacted those policies in turn. As substantive representation research turns its eye towards legislative representatives, women in executive offices and their actions have been overlooked. As studies show, there are certain policy areas that face gender stereotypes: education, health, arts, family protection, and other welfare areas. Brazilian federalism and its execution of welfare policies is quite specific in its institutional design. Since the end of the last dictator­ship, there have been efforts towards decentralisation. States have more control over their spending; however, municipalities face stricter rules regarding taxation and how to spend it. Municipalities are in charge of executing most of Brazilian public policy, but have little control in designing them. What they are allowed to design tends to be induced through programmes and resources. Those resources for the execution of programmes come from several kinds of transfers, from federal and state governments. In the state of Minas Gerais, in Brazil, the Robin Hood Law states that municipalities that create institutions and/or policies in certain welfare areas will have access to slightly more resources. Research has shown that municipalities do invest in bettering themselves in this institu­tionalisation process, despite the small amount of funds that come with them. Therefore, our research asks: are female mayors more efficient in accessing specific resources from govern­ment transfers? Using regression analysis and other statistical tools, we hope to able to dem­onstrate how gender might play a role in the division of those funds.

(2016) Elegendo mulheres - Ideologia partidária, feminismo e inclusão de mulheres na política, Revista Eletrônica de Ciência Política

Tags: Gender and Politics, Political Parties and Interest Groups

Electing women - Party ideology, feminism, and the inclusion of women in politics Abstract: This article focuses on the relationship between female candidates and political parties, in order to understand how party ideology and feminism can structure these relationships. In a survey with 81 candidates to the Legislative Assembly of Minas Gerais in 2010, respondents state that feel neglected and believe that this has a considerable negative effect on their chances, regardless their parties’ ideology. Semi-structured interviews with three party presidents of state chapters in Minas Gerais (representing left, center, and right) demonstrate that party rhetoric can be very different, but actions vary only slightly. The study brings to the fore the candidates’ perception on their presence within their parties, and how state leaders perceive female presence and the inclusion of women in politics. This research corroborates previous studies with new data, and brings new information to the field of gender and politics.Key-words: ALMG, female candidates, ideology, parties, underrepresentation

(2015) The impact of political trajectories on voting: a study of female candidates for a state legislature in Brazil, Politikon IAPSS Political Science Journal

Tags: Gender and Politics, Representation and Electoral Systems, Legislative Politics

Abstract: The following article uses a section from the survey Female presence in legislative spaces: a study of the 2010 elections for the State Assembly of Minas Gerais to see if those candidates’ political trajectories differ from men’s, and what were the variables with the most impact over voting. Political background has been accepted as an important factor on the amount of resources raised and votes received. This is discussed considering how this can affect newcomers, such as women. The data is comprised of a survey and financial disclosure and a linear regression was conducted to assess the impact of each variable. The article concludes that the women surveyed followed similar trajectories as men and corroborates the current knowledge that the variable with most impact is having held elective office. This can only be indicated, given the overall impact the financial variable and how it overshadowed the role of other variables. Keywords: Brazil, campaign finance, political trajectories, women

Book Chapters:

(2016) Policiamento comunitário e participação social em Minas Gerais: entre a narrativa oficial e a efetividade das reformas, Ipea

Title: Community policing and social participation in Minas Gerais: between the official narrative and the effectiveness of the rules

Media Appearances:

Newspaper Quotes:

(2016) Superela

Interview for the Superela website on women's representatives and women's political participation.

Other:

(2018) Brasil Debate

Article for the website Brasil Debate on the Brazilian electoral system and its gendered aspects.

(2016) Brasil Debate

Online magazine article on the "feminist spring' in Brazil as backlash against the former speaker of the Chamber of Deputies, Eduardo Cunha.

(2015) Legislative Assembly of Minas Gerais website

News piece on the lecture given as part of a debate cycle promoted by the assembly on political reform and women's participation in politics.