Gender and Politics
Representation and Electoral Systems
The political representation of women and ethnic minorities has received growing attention among political parties around the world. Focusing on the British case, we map data and debates concerning the selection of female and minority candidates, highlighting the simultaneous and interactive role of gender and race in shaping citizens’ opportunities to stand for and win election. Utilizing data from the Labour Party, our analysis illustrates the implications of distinct strategies to include members of politically marginalized groups—as well as provides evidence for the potential of “tandem quotas” to result in positive outcomes for minority women. Taken together, these findings suggest the need for stronger measures on the part of Labour to encourage the selection of minority candidates; a shift from “single-axis” to “multiple-axis” thinking when devising strategies to enhance group representation; and rejection of a “zero-sum” mentality regarding the nomination of female and minority candidates.
Gender quotas have emerged globally as a key solution for improving women's political representation. Yet in Britain—where they take the form of all-women shortlists (AWS)—they remain contentious, both within and outside political parties. We identify nine common criticisms of AWS in the British context, related to candidate recruitment and selection, party and voter support and the effectiveness of ‘quota women’ as politicians. Using qualitative and quantitative data, we find that these objections do not hold when subjected to rigorous empirical analysis, suggesting that quotas do not pose a threat to ‘merit’ at any stage of the political process.
Chapter summarizing the status and progress of women in politics in Western Europe.
Discussing the UK/US relationship, following President Trump's tweets on far-right group Britain First
Interviewed about the judging of a debate between students incarcerated in a maximum security prison and Harvard.
Discussing the UK's referendum on EU membership and its implications
Quoted on Brexit voters
"This is how some British MPs represent their constituents without ever showing up" Discussion of Northern Ireland's Sinn Fein party's practice of abstaining from participating in the UK parliament.
"Time to celebrate women’s gains in the U.K. election? Not so fast" With Diana O'Brien, discussing the gains and persisting inequities for women in UK politics
"Yesterday's Congressional women's softball game was bipartisan. But are women actually more bipartisan in practice?" With Cathy Wineinger. Discussing the annual women's Congressional softball game and the broader question of gender differences in legislative style.
"So the U.K. has its second female prime minister. What policies put more women in power?" Following the election of Theresa May as UK prime minister, I discuss the status of women in politics in the UK and beyond, and the use of gender quotas.
"Here’s what people say when they attack Hillary Clinton on Twitter" With Emma Pierson. We analysed negative tweets describing Hillary Clinton, and discussed the gendered attacks on her candidacy.
"Gender Quotas do not post a threat to 'merit' at any stage of the political process" With Mona Lena Krook, this blog summarises some of our findings in our Parliamentary Affairs article, dispelling some of the common myths held about gender quotas.