Velomahanina Razakamaharavo, Ph.D.

European University Institute

Country: Italy

About Me:

I am a Research Associate/Scientific Collaborator at UCLouvain in Belgium. I am also a Policy Leader Fellow at the School of Transnational Governance of the European University Institute in Italy. I mainly work on gender and gender training in UN and NATO peace operations, the implications of Artificial Intelligence in the fields of peace and security, and on conflict recurrence/transformation and peacebuilding. I have a PhD in International Conflict Analysis from the University of Kent, BSIS (Politics and International Relations department). Moreover, I am a 2017 Women in International Security (WIIS) Next Generation Scholar. Previously, I was a Visiting Fellow at the Center on Conflict Development and Peacebuilding at the Graduate Institute of Geneva and a Visiting Researcher at the Université Catholique de Louvain’s Center for Political Science and Comparative Politics where I developed a methodology bridging Qualitative Comparative Analysis and in-depth narrative analysis, studying the dynamics of conflict transformation and recurrence. Finally, I was a Teaching Assistant in Comparative Research Design at the European Consortium of Political Research (ECPR) winter school. 

Research Interests

Conflict Processes & War

Gender and Politics

Military Intervention


Political Violence

Research Methods & Research Design

Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Local Peacebuilding


My Research:

At the School of Transnational Governance (STG) of the European University Institute in Italy, I work on gender and gender training in UN and NATO peace operations. At UCLouvain in Belgium, I conduct research and do policy work on the applications of Artificial Intelligence in the fields of peace and security.I am also working on the dynamics of conflict escalation, de-escalation, and protraction in conflict recurrence. I have extensive experience on the dynamics of conflict transformation in Madagascar. 


Journal Articles:

(2018) Processes of conflict de-escalation in Madagascar (1947–1996)., Peace and Conflict Journal of Peace Psychology

Episodes of conflict ranging from situations of political tension to high-intensity conflicts have been occurring in Madagascar from the colonial period to the present day. This paper argues that (a) configurations of conditions are building up de-escalation processes in Madagascar, and each element in the configurations in which conflict de-escalation occurs interacts, coconstructs, and influences each other; (b) peace and conflict coexist throughout de-escalation processes, reminding us about the multileveled nature of peace; and (c) conflict transformation is key to explaining conflict de-escalation given that building peace requires a long process, especially when external and internal forces are in constant friction. Qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) allows for analyses of the contexts and parts of the mechanism behind de-escalation: (a) conflict dimensions (cultural, sociodemographic and economic, political and global external), (b) the degree of influence of the opposing parties as well as factions within each party and their repertoires of action, (c) the framing of the conflicts by these parties, (d) the boundary construction of the self/the other, and (e) accommodation policies. Metanarratives and local narratives influence/are influenced by these contexts and parts of the mechanism. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)


(2019) The UN/NATO, Academia and Gender Policies in Peace Operations, Discover Society

This blog post suggests that a systematic collaboration between the UN/NATO and scholars/researchers and a better governance of partnership improve the efficiency of gender mainstreaming in peace operations.

(2018) Improving Gender Training in UN Peacekeeping Operations, Women in International Security

This policy brief is based on a research conducted on gender training in UN peacekeeping operations. It outlines current gender training practice, identifies gaps, and provides recommendations to strengthen gender training to contribute to bettering the understanding and application of a gender lens by peace operations personnel.

Media Appearances:

Blog Posts:

(2018) Socialchangelab

This blog post discusses processes and mechanisms behind social movements and social transformation


(2019) BISA Podcast (Oxford Research Group)

Oxford Research Group organised a roundtable looking at how Artificial intelligence will effect the future of remote warfare. British International Studies Association (BISA) supported the organisation of the event.